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Multiple hosts, multiple impacts: the role of vertebrate host diversity in shaping mosquito life history and pathogen transmissionuse asterix (*) to get italics
Amélie Vantaux, Nicolas Moiroux, Kounbobr Roch Dabiré, Anna Cohuet, Thierry LefèvrePlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p style="text-align: justify;">The transmission of malaria parasites from mosquito to human is largely determined by the dietary specialization of <em>Anopheles mosquitoes</em> to feed on humans. Few studies have explored the impact of blood meal sources on the fitness of both the parasite and the mosquito. Our study investigated the effects of 3-4 consecutive blood meals from one of four vertebrate species (human, cattle, sheep, or chicken) on several fitness traits, including mosquito feeding rate, blood meal size, susceptibility to wild isolates of <em>Plasmodium falciparum</em>, survival, fecundity, F1 offspring development time, and size. Our findings revealed no significant effect on parasite development. Similarly, parasite exposure had no overall effects on mosquito fitness. However, blood meal type did have a strong impact on mosquito feeding rate, survival, lifetime fecundity, and offspring size. Specifically, mosquitoes that were fed successive chicken blood meals produced fewer eggs and fewer and smaller F1 adults compared to those fed human blood. Combining our results in a theoretical model, we show a decrease in the vectorial capacity of mosquitoes fed chicken or cow blood and an increase in the capacity of those fed sheep blood compared to those fed human blood. These findings emphasize the importance of considering the diversity of blood meal sources in understanding mosquito ecology and their role in the transmission intensity of malaria parasites.</p>, should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https://, should fill this box only if you chose 'Scripts were used to obtain or analyze the results'. URL must start with http:// or https://
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Plasmodium, transmission, fitness, competence, vectorial capacity
NonePlease indicate the methods that may require specialised expertise during the peer review process (use a comma to separate various required expertises).
Ecology of hosts, infectious agents, or vectors, Parasites, Vectors
No need for them to be recommenders of PCIInfections. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
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2023-02-13 11:02:58
Diego Santiago-Alarcon