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Transcriptome responses of the aphid vector *Myzus persicae* are shaped by identities of the host plant and the virususe asterix (*) to get italics
Quentin Chesnais, Victor Golyaev, Amandine Velt, Camille Rustenholz, Maxime Verdier, Véronique Brault, Mikhail M. Pooggin, Martin DruckerPlease use the format "First name initials family name" as in "Marie S. Curie, Niels H. D. Bohr, Albert Einstein, John R. R. Tolkien, Donna T. Strickland"
<p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Background:</strong> Numerous studies have documented modifications in vector orientation behavior, settling and feeding behavior, and/or fecundity and survival due to virus infection in host plants. These alterations are often expected to enhance virus transmission, which has led to the hypothesis that such effects are vector manipulations by the virus. However, until now, the gene expression changes correlating with these effects and indicative of modified vector pathways and mechanisms are mostly unknown.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Results:</strong> Transcriptome profiling of <em>Myzus persicae</em> aphids feeding on turnip yellows virus (TuYV) and cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV) infected <em>Arabidopsis thaliana</em> and <em>Camelina sativa</em> revealed a substantial proportion of commonly deregulated genes, amongst them many with general functions in plant-virus-aphid interactions. We identified also aphid genes specifically deregulated by CaMV or TuYV infection, which might be related to the viral transmission mode. Furthermore, we observed strong host-specific differences in the gene expression patterns with plant virus infection causing more deregulations of aphid genes on <em>A. thaliana</em> than on <em>C. sativa</em>, likely related to the differences in susceptibility of the plant hosts to these viruses. Finally, stress-related aphid genes were downregulated in <em>M. persicae</em> on both infected plants, regardless of the virus.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> TuYV, relying on the circulative persistent mode of transmission, tended to affect developmental genes. This could increase the proportion of alate aphids, but also affect their locomotion, neuronal activity, and lifespan. CaMV, using the non-circulative non-persistent mode of transmission, had a strong impact on feeding-related genes and in particular those related to salivary proteins. In general, these transcriptome alterations targeted pathways that seem to be particularly adapted to the transmission mode of the corresponding virus and could be evidence of vector manipulation by the virus.</p> should fill this box only if you chose 'All or part of the results presented in this preprint are based on data'. URL must start with http:// or https://
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Caulimovirus, polerovirus, aphid vector, insect-plant interactions, transmission, transcriptome profiling, RNA-seq
NonePlease indicate the methods that may require specialised expertise during the peer review process (use a comma to separate various required expertises).
Behaviour of hosts, infectious agents, or vectors, Cell biology of hosts, infectious agents, or vectors, Molecular biology of infections, Physiology of hosts, infectious agents, or vectors, Phytopathology, Plant diseases, Vectors, Viruses
Alice K. INOUE-NAGATA, Pierre GLADIEUX, Emmanuelle JOUSSELIN, Karl-Heinz KOGEL, Sebastien MASSART, Thomas POLLET, Benjamin ROCHE, Susanne VON BARGEN, Zuqing HU, Liping BAN, Thierry CANDRESSE No need for them to be recommenders of PCIInfections. Please do not suggest reviewers for whom there might be a conflict of interest. Reviewers are not allowed to review preprints written by close colleagues (with whom they have published in the last four years, with whom they have received joint funding in the last four years, or with whom they are currently writing a manuscript, or submitting a grant proposal), or by family members, friends, or anyone for whom bias might affect the nature of the review - see the code of conduct
e.g. John Doe []
2022-07-19 15:24:14
Sebastien Massart